With incurable but treatable cancers such as metastatic Neuroendocrine Cancer, ‘Stable‘ is normally not the end of the matter, for many there is still a long road ahead and that road may not be straight or flat. The long road may be considered an advantage by some given that with very aggressive cancers, incurable can frequently mean terminal. The surveillance must continue in case of a recurrence.
It’s important to understand that ‘Stable‘ simply means the disease is “under control” with tests and scans showing the cancer hasn’t changed over time. One of the disadvantages of ‘incurable but treatable‘ is that Quality of Life (QoL) can in many cases be compromised due to the consequences of cancer and /or treatment. However, if specialist treatment, surveillance and support are all in place, things can gradually be adjusted to a new and hopefully tolerable ‘normal’. I also believe patient expectations need to be managed although improvements are still possible. In my own experience, however, this does not happen overnight. Patients must be willing to accept a new normal or a status quo on the basis that things are never likely to be the same again. Many patients with chronic conditions will have minor irritants and Neuroendocrine Cancer patients are no exception in this regard.
HOWEVER …….. The specialist view of ‘stable’ will mainly be looking at scan output plus tumour and hormone markers. The patient is likely to have a much wider view of ‘stable’ and it will include ‘quality of life’ markers.
So ….what is stable for me?
Looking at my medical documents, I wasn’t really considered ‘stable’ by specialists until 2 years after diagnosis. The measure of that is in scans and markers. Nothing has significantly grown since 2012 except for a thyroid lesion being tracked (biopsy negative for NETs). My key NET markers have been solidly in range since mid 2012. Today, my on-going monthly treatments are well organised, I’m in touch with my specialists and undergo several surveillance checks beforehand every 6 months and just changed to 12 months in 2020. I get regular/normal illnesses and those are logged in my diary to look for any clues or associations with anything else. In between consultations, I can call in for urgent help if need be and I have a direct line to my specialist NET Nurse . Irregularities of concern to my ‘stability’ are checked, referred to other specialists if necessary and treated. I feel well, I look well (but you should see my insides ….).
I like to think I’m on top of things. But I did have a minor panic in 2018 when it was noticed that some of my remnant retroperitoneal fibrosis looked pretty close to my right ureter which could turn into a major issue. That problem has gone for now but it’s firmly on the watch list. That said, it was spotted because of good surveillance. It was analysed because of expert assessment and excellent support. And it will go on being watched through good surveillance. I even suspect I might even be more interested in hearing about this after my scans than anything else at the moment.
I think the UK (for example) is very well serviced with district NET Centres across the country each with specialists in Neuroendocrine Cancer and most include a dedicated NET Specialist Nurse – some areas are better served than others. In my opinion, NET Nurses can prove invaluable in on-going care scenarios. In fact, I was very pleased to see a NET Nurse attending and taking a greater role in my most recent MDT meetings. I’m fairly certain other countries have similar setups. Some countries may not be so fortunate and are struggling to get the right resources. Specialist NET Nurses are an extremely valuable commodity – they do brilliant work and we probably need more! The same could be said for NET Specialist Dietitians who are key to providing quality of life improvements. In fact, I was delighted to see this recommendation at ENETS 2018 in Barcelona. I’m also fortunate to have direct access to a NET specialist dietitian.
OK … I may be stable (ish) but I still need support!
However ……. my perceived stability does NOT mean I’m complacent. For minor issues, it’s always useful to talk to a medical professional, even on the telephone. I think of my GP (PCP) as a ‘virtual’ member of my Multi-Disciplinary Team (MDT) and I copy them into any important correspondence between myself and my Oncologist. They are normally copied in coming the other way (if not I make sure they are). This is starting to return dividends. My GP is positioned to deal with most of my ‘irritants’ (even NET patients get regular illnesses). Being your own advocate is useful in these scenarios. Patient-doctor communication is vital, and I find it best to drive this myself. I’m lucky to have direct ‘as and when’ contact a specialist NET Nurse. All NET patients should have the same.
The best advocate for you is YOU (or someone very close to you)
Although I still need constant surveillance, being stable allows me to focus on QoL and in particular trying to improve on my ‘normal’. Whilst we are on that subject, did you hear the one about the constipated NET patient? This article contains a summary of my attempts to gain a decent quality of life. Although I read patient forums, I don’t necessarily rely on them a lot for my own issues. On sporadic one-off forum questions (…..and not forgetting that hundreds of symptom questions are related to ‘the gut’), the discussions can end up with many different and confusing answers. Plus, there are so many patients who are at varying stages of their disease, use diverse types of healthcare systems, have had different treatments, and have diverse types of NET, have other issues going on, it can end up as a tangled mess as people try to compare apples with pears. To help with this issue, I created my own private Facebook group and I try to demystify some of these issues through moderation (not easy). Something seems right because it’s the biggest private group for NETs.
I like to do my own research as I want to be in control of my own QoL. One of the most troublesome QoL issues for patients is diet and the digestive system generally (i.e. managing the gut). For many NET patients, particularly those who have had surgery and/or persisting syndrome, diet and nutrition is a huge challenge as it can very often mimic other problems which can present with a wide range of ‘syndrome like’ symptoms such as fatigue, weight issues and even anxiety. More somatostatin analogues and other drugs might just be the wrong response in certain scenarios. I feel there is a huge gap in the follow-up treatment for people who suffer this as a consequence of their cancer. For example, and to the best of my knowledge, there are only a few dedicated and practicing Neuroendocrine specialist dieticians in the whole of the UK although things are improving. Some of you might be thinking that any dietitian should be able to help? Although you would be correct to a certain extent, I personally do not believe this is the best or optimum solution. There are very specific issues with NET patients which are bespoke and complex to the point that conventional cancer diet practices may not fully apply. It’s not just about what you eat………..
NET patients need specialist dietary advice covering the whole spectrum from diet itself to the use of supplements where required, post-surgical advice, managing the long-term side effects of treatment, combatting and treating malabsorption and nutrient deficiencies caused by the complexities of their cancer or the consequences of their treatment. Personally, I think more resources and research in this area would be useful.
This gap is one of the reasons why I asked Tara Whyand (a dietitian with specialist Neuroendocrine Cancer knowledge) to help me co-author a series of posts to focus in on a few key areas. I didn’t want to say what someone should or should not do, I wanted to say why this is an area to watch. The ‘why‘ is important as it helps you in your efforts to distinguish the effects of a syndrome or a co-morbidity from the effects of your treatment (if applicable). I find this knowledge helps me to think ‘outside the box’ rather than just accepting ‘it’s the syndrome‘ or the ‘hormones‘. I personally feel I’ve been able to harness this knowledge to improve my QoL.
Article 1 – Vitamin and Mineral Challenges
Article 2 – Malabsorption
Article 3 – Gut Health
Article 4 – Food for Thought
Article 5 – Pancreatic Enzyme Replacement Therapy (PERT) (includes a Q & A session with Tara Whyand
The following blogs may complement this nutrition series:
Thanks for reading