A system to describe the amount and spread of cancer in a patient’s body, using TNM.
T describes the size of the tumor and any spread of cancer into nearby tissue;
N describes spread of cancer to nearby lymph nodes;
M describes metastasis (spread of cancer to other parts of the body).
This system was created and is updated by the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) and the International Union Against Cancer (UICC), ENETS also has definitions.
The TNM staging system is used to describe most types of cancer.